Is Swedish Massage Standardizied?

Per definition, massage could be defined as the manipulation of soft tissue which includes musculature and connective tissue. Another more detailed definition of massage is stroking, pressure, and stretching of the skin and skeletal muscles. 마사지사이트

First, one has to remember that there is an overlap between different massage methods. Some of the techniques are more or less the same independently of the name of the therapist’s educational background or the main philosophy of a particular school.

The Swedish massage I have my training in is systematically focused on working on the soft tissue and specifically on the skeletal muscles. But it must be emphasized that there is a difference between schools in Sweden and how the Swedish massage is performed. This is by no means unusual in the case of manual therapy in general. For instance, chiropractic and physiotherapy colleges can differ quite much in the curriculum from each other. In Sweden, 마사지사이트 every school has its curriculum and will teach its students massage according to the school’s literature. In Sweden predominantly the schools that have Swedish massage on the curriculum are private. Although some state-owned university programs like physiotherapy have a few hours of massage in their curriculum it is not any complete massage course compared to many private massage school. Before the 1970’s physiotherapists in Sweden were well trained in massage but when physiotherapy became a more academic subject and programs were integrated within medical or health faculties there was a stronger demand that everything should be scientifically based or evidence-based. So the paradox today is that many the private schools with no affiliation to universities have comprehensive programs in hands-on massage training. But university programs in health and medicine are generally more extensive in science, medicine, 출장마사지사이트 and human biology. Many of the private massage schools are under state supervision but this is more a bureaucratic formality and the authority has no knowledge of manual therapy in general or massages therapy particularly. In Sweden, the quality assurance of a massage curriculum is done internally by the school itself. But there are about ten schools today that formed the Swedish Massage Advisory Council.

The main aim of the Swedish Massage Advisory Council is to uphold the professional skills of a masseur or masseuse and the credibility of the business. The council quality assures schools. This is achieved by all students who are enrolled in member schools who can undergo a national test and receive certification as masseurs. When the council was formed in 1998 there was an agreement that the title masseur or masseuse was the most commonly known title among the clients. This was the reason that the title certified masseur or masseuse 출장마사지사이트 (in Swedish the word is the same for both genders) was established and marketed. Although today massage therapist maybe has higher credibility as a title. A massage therapy diploma is a title that every school or course provider can give without any reservation. The Swedish Massage Advisory Council has throughout its year established guidelines and minimum level of what a massage therapist needs to know and how many hours of tuition is required in human biology, medicine, and massage and stretching. There are also requirements of clinical practice both supervised and done independently. Altogether there should a minimum of 390 hours of tuition and clinical practice. This is then examined when the students of the member school have passed a national theoretical certification exam. This exam is a multiple choice quiz with most questions regarding the students’ proficiency in anatomy. There is also a national practical exam on the students’ skills in surface anatomy, massage, 스웨디시마사지 and manual stretching. However, we in the Swedish Massage Advisory Council have agreed on which muscles and their insertion and functions a massage therapist needs to know there is no consensus on practical massage. There is also an agreement on which muscles a massage therapist should be able to passively stretch a patient but exactly how this is done regarding the position of the patient and therapist is something each school will decide. When it comes to practical massage the guidelines are more indistinct.

According to the Swedish Massage Advisory Council, a certified masseur or masseuse should have a good working and theoretical knowledge of the massage techniques effleurage, petrissage, frictions (circulatory motions with the tip of the fingers), 출장마사지사이트 vibration, and tapotement. The therapist should be able to apply these techniques on an individual basis regarding the patient’s or clients’ requests, health, physical constitution, and any contraindications that might exist. But how the therapist adapts the massage techniques regarding depth and rhythm each member school will decide. Even the length of the treatment session and the sequence of the techniques differ.

The purpose is that a certified masseur or masseuse can give massage for pure relaxation as in a whole body treatment but the therapist should also be able to treat minor musculoskeletal disorders or rather muscle dysfunctions with more localized massage in combination with manual stretching techniques and advice in basic exercise and stretching. The predicament is that the definition of classical massage techniques is not universal. For example, petrissage could be one technique with circulatory movement with the contact of the palm but petrissage is also mentioned as an overall technique that includes variations of kneading or compressions. Another dilemma is that many schools have included other soft tissue or myofascial release techniques in the massage routine. And to make it even more diverse every school makes its routine and there is no consensus on which massage techniques should be done on what body region. One example is that some schools teach their student’s tapotement could be performed on the lower body but others teach that tapotement can be done on the upper body as well.

All of the member schools of the Swedish Massage Advisory Council have their profile and specialization and most schools also graduate their students on a higher level than what is required. But unfortunately, there are a lot of schools that are not members of the Swedish Massage Advisory Council. Some of these schools are still professional but others give away diplomas after s few days of courses without any examination. It is of course one thing to have a shorter course for nonprofessional use however it is not very serious if it is meant as a course for professional use.

I have some experience as an examination massage therapist who has been enrolled in other schools in Sweden than where I work and I have also had examinations of a few therapists from other countries. The therapist will be very good at the specific technique but it always looked more like an unspecific whole body treatment and the routine was less rational with alternating from different regions. It is a vast difference in how the Swedish massage is performed. Nevertheless, 스웨디시마사지 a legitimate question is what is the difference between what the schools teach and what the individual therapists do. When I watch learning videos on Swedish massage I see the same thing the massage techniques are seldom systematically performed on specific muscles. It looks more like an unspecific whole body treatment. I am not saying this is wrong or bad. All touch therapy will generate physiological responses in the client or patient.


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